The population of the Middle East almost tripled between 1970 and 2010, with an estimated 2010 population of about 350 million. There's some disagreement as to whether Egypt is part of the "Middle East." (The CIA World Factbook doesn't include Egypt.) But, if it is, Egypt has the highest population of Middle Eastern countries with 77,545,232 people and a growth rate 2.03%. The Middle East country with the highest population growth rate is the United Arab Emirates, with a 3.69% growth rate — also the highest in the world, tied with Burundi — closely followed by Kuwait with 3.55%.
More Middle East Facts:
- The average population growth rate in the world as a whole is 1.13%. In 2010, the estimated world population is 6.8 billion.
- There are more people in the Middle East than in the U.S. and Canada combined, 342,704,563.
- Turkey has the largest economy in terms of Gross Domestic Product, at around $795 billion US Dollars (USD), followed by Saudi Arabia, at about $468 billion USD.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the current population growth rate in the Middle East?
As of the latest data, the Middle East's population growth rate is variable across the region but is generally higher than the global average. For instance, according to the World Bank, countries like Oman and Jordan have high growth rates, at 2.07% and 1.00% respectively in 2020. However, it's important to note that these rates are subject to change due to factors such as economic conditions, migration, and government policies. (Source: World Bank, https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.GROW?locations=JO-OM)
How does the Middle East's population growth compare to the global average?
The Middle East's population growth rate has traditionally been higher than the global average. While the global population growth rate was about 1.05% in 2020, many Middle Eastern countries exceeded this figure. This is partly due to higher fertility rates and a younger population structure in the region. However, there is a trend towards slowing growth rates as countries undergo demographic transitions. (Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division)
What factors contribute to the Middle East's population growth?
Several factors contribute to the Middle East's population growth, including traditionally high fertility rates, improvements in healthcare leading to lower mortality rates, and a significant youth population that is entering reproductive age. Additionally, some countries in the region have seen an influx of migrants and refugees, which also contributes to population growth. Economic and social policies, as well as cultural norms, play a role in shaping these demographic trends. (Source: Population Reference Bureau, https://www.prb.org/resources/the-middle-east-and-north-africa-population-2021/)
Are there any Middle Eastern countries experiencing a decline in population growth?
Yes, some Middle Eastern countries are experiencing a decline in population growth. For example, Iran has seen a significant decrease in its population growth rate due to effective family planning programs and changing social norms. As of 2020, Iran's growth rate was around 1.30%, a marked decrease from previous decades. This trend is indicative of broader demographic shifts that may lead to lower growth rates across the region in the future. (Source: World Bank, https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.GROW?locations=IR)
What are the implications of the Middle East's population growth for the region?
The Middle East's population growth has significant implications for the region, including challenges related to resource allocation, employment, education, and infrastructure. Rapid population growth can strain water resources, which are already scarce in many parts of the region. Additionally, it can increase the demand for jobs, housing, and social services. Governments in the region must plan and implement policies that address these challenges while promoting sustainable development. (Source: United Nations Development Programme, http://www.arab-hdr.org/)