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Paul Green is an American playwright best known for his 1927 play In Abraham’s Bosom. Over the course of his life and career, Paul Green ranged in style from straight-forward moralistic realism to esoteric expressionism. Although not often produced in the modern age, Green remains one of the more influential American playwrights, especially in the area of early expressionism.
Green’s work is largely characterized by moral lessons, especially revolving around segregation and racism. In Abraham’s Bosom deals with a man in North Carolina who is of African-American descent, and his troubles in bettering the lives of those around him. It was seen as an astonishingly stark look at the plight of African Americans in the south during the 1920s, and quickly earned him great praise, as well as a Pulitzer Prize for Drama.
In the late-1920s, Paul Green traveled to Europe, and there was heavily influenced by the new forms of theatre being created. He was particularly drawn to the Epic theatre of Brecht, and began experimenting with expressionism in his own work. He rejected Broadway, seeing New York as far too commercial to produce truly meaningful theatre, and his later plays, such as Shroud My Body Down and Tread the Green Grass were played in his home town of Chapel Hill, North Carolina, but never New York City.
Later in life, Paul Green created a new form of theatre, which he dubbed the symphonic drama. The symphonic drama was a particular type of historical play, usually performed on or near the site it was referencing. Symphonic dramas were often produced as outdoor performances, and often made heavy use of grandiose set and costumes, and music. The new form shared much with classical Greek theatre, incorporating poetical dialogue, pantomime, and dance, while telling historical tales. It is often said that America has given two theatrical forms to the world: the musical and the symphonic drama.
In the mid-1930s Paul Green came back to New York, bringing with him a musical, Johnny Johnson, which was a pacifist morality play. It was directed by Lee Strasberg, and was either hailed as genius or pointless by various reviewers. The play was written in three different genre styles, with the acts progressing from comedic to tragic to satirical, and the style shifting from realism to expressionism to absurdism.
Paul Green is generally looked on as one of the great promoters of the great Southern tradition in the arts at a time when it was undergoing some confusion. He stood strongly for racial equality at a time when many of his peers dismissed such thoughts, and fought for the idea of the Southern gentleman writer. He was an idealist to the core, and his plays deal with many idealistic themes, from pacifism in the face of war to the idea of redemption for even those who society often finds irredeemable. Although most people have long forgotten about Paul Green, his legacy lives on in more modern historical dramas that echo his symphonic dramas, produced throughout the country and inspiring millions.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who is Paul Green and why is he significant?
Paul Green was an influential American playwright, teacher, and social activist, primarily known for his work in the early to mid-20th century. He won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1927 for his play "In Abraham's Bosom," which addressed racial inequality and the African American experience. Green's work often tackled social issues and contributed to the Southern Renaissance in literature, reflecting his deep concern for human rights and social justice.
What are some of Paul Green's most notable works?
Aside from "In Abraham's Bosom," Paul Green's notable works include "The House of Connelly" (1931), which was the inaugural play for the Group Theatre in New York, and "Johnny Johnson" (1936), a collaboration with composer Kurt Weill. His outdoor drama "The Lost Colony" (1937) is one of his most enduring contributions, which dramatizes the story of the first English settlers in America and is still performed today.
How did Paul Green contribute to the field of anthropology?
While Paul Green is not primarily known for contributions to anthropology, his plays and involvement in the Federal Theatre Project during the Great Depression reflected anthropological interests. His work captured the cultural and social dynamics of Southern communities, and his portrayal of African American life provided a nuanced perspective on cultural identity and racial relations, themes often explored in anthropological research.
What impact did Paul Green have on social activism?
Paul Green was a committed social activist, using his platform as a playwright to challenge racial segregation and advocate for social change. His plays often highlighted the plight of the oppressed and called for racial harmony. Green's activism extended beyond the stage; he was involved in various civil rights causes and educational initiatives, striving to make a tangible impact on society's views and policies regarding race and equality.
How can one learn more about Paul Green's life and legacy?
To learn more about Paul Green's life and legacy, interested individuals can visit university archives that hold his papers, such as the Southern Historical Collection at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Additionally, reading biographies, scholarly articles, and analyses of his plays can provide deeper insight into his work and its significance in American literature and social history.