We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

Who is Benazir Bhutto?

By Brendan McGuigan
Updated May 23, 2024
Our promise to you
PublicPeople is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At PublicPeople, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Benazir Bhutto was the former Prime Minister of Pakistan, who was assassinated in late 2007. She has the distinction of being the first female leader of a Muslim state, and played a pivotal role in Pakistani politics until the time of her death.

Benazir Bhutto was born in 1953 to a well-to-do Shia Muslim family, in Karachi. After finishing her basic education in Pakistan, Bhutto traveled to the United States to attend Harvard University at the age of 16. She got her degree at the age of 20 in Comparative Government. She then attended Lady Margaret Hall at the University of Oxford, studying Philosophy, Politics, and Economics.

Bhutto’s father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, served as President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973, and then as Prime Minister from 1973 to 1977, founding the incredibly influential Pakistan People’s Party (PPP). In 1977, Benazir Bhutto’s last year at Oxford, the Prime Minister was removed from office when the military took over the government in a coup d’etat. Free elections were promised, but martial law remained in effect, and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was ultimately hanged in mid-1979.

Following her father’s execution, Benazir Bhutto was placed under house arrest by the government, where she remained for the next few years. In 1984 she was allowed to travel back to the United Kingdom, where she immediately took over as head of the PPP, replacing her mother, and began agitating for democratic reform. The next year her brother was killed while in France, and the details surrounding his death are still unknown.

In 1988, following the death of the ruling General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq of Pakistan, open elections were held in Pakistan. The PPP swept the election, and Benazir Bhutto was sworn in as the new Prime Minister. Two years later Bhutto and her PPP government were dismissed following contested charges of corruption. In 1993 the PPP once again came to power in open elections, and Bhutto was once again appointed Prime Minister. Three years later the president again dissolved the government, again amid allegations of corruption.

The charges of corruption that were leveled repeatedly against Benazir Bhutto ultimately led to a conviction, with large fines and suspended jail time. The corruption charges mostly involve payoffs by large corporations for exclusive contracts with the Bhutto government. Some groups, however, claim that the charges were largely fabricated, and the result of a political desire to have Bhutto removed from office, alleging massive buyoffs and forgeries.

In 2002 the president of Pakistan, Pervez Musharraf, implemented a change to the constitution allowing for Prime Ministers to serve only two terms. This was widely viewed as a ploy specifically to stop Benazir Bhutto from being able to become Prime Minister again. Bhutto began preparing to return to Pakistan, and in 2007 she did finally come back, agitating for massive political reform.

For a time it appeared that Benazir Bhutto and President Musharraf would be able to reach some sort of an accord. Funds which had been frozen were released by the Pakistani government, and overtures of reconciliation were attempted. Suggestions were made that a power-sharing deal would be reached between President Musharraf and Bhutto, allowing him to remain president if he stepped down as head of the military, and her to become Prime Minister again.

In October of 2007 a suicide bomber targeted at Benazir Bhutto occurred, killing nearly 150 people, including her personal guard, who formed a wall in front of her to protect her. Further attacks occurred over the next few months, and in late December of 2007 Bhutto was shot by a single assailant, and died of her wounds less than an hour later.

PublicPeople is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Discussion Comments
By ijazzulfquar — On Mar 06, 2011

Pakistan's slain Minister For Minorities, Shahbaz Clement Bhatti should be nominated for the next Nobel Peace Prize because:

1.He raised his voice against prejudice and discriminatory laws in Pakistan.

2. He united all the minorities in Pakistan to struggle for their universally accepted human rights.

3. He awoke the conscience of Pakistani public and leaders to the miserable condition of religious minorities in Pakistan.

4. He won the support of the world leaders for the just cause of the minorities in Pakistan.

5. He pleaded the cases of the people charged with the unpopular Blasphemy Law PPC 295B&C. He helped the victims and their families.

6.He advocated interfaith harmony in Pakistan.

7.He refused to be threatened by element supporting religious extremism and intolerance.

8. He gave away his life but refused to escape abroad to save it, telling the militants that his cause was fair. He could be silenced only by killing him.

9.His struggle lives on after him because thousands of workers of APMA (All Pakistan Minorities Alliance) will carry it on.

10. In the end the dream of Shahbaz Bhatti to make the world a peaceful place will win and religious extremists and militants will lose.

Founding Member, APMA and Christian Liberation Front

PublicPeople, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

PublicPeople, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.