We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

Who is Dorothy Parker?

Niki Acker
By
Updated May 23, 2024
Our promise to you
PublicPeople is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At PublicPeople, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

Dorothy Parker was an American author and critic famous for her caustic wit. She was one of the founding members of the Algonquin Round Table, a regular meeting of writers and actors at the Algonquin Hotel in New York City. Though Dorothy Parker is perhaps best known for her one-liners, she published numerous volumes of poetry and short stories, many inspired by her cynical outlook on life.

Dorothy Parker was born Dorothy Rothschild in Long Branch, New Jersey on 22 August 1893, but she grew up on the Upper West Side in Manhattan. She became familiar with tragedy at a young age. Her mother died in 1898, when Dorothy Parker was almost five years old, and her stepmother died four years later. Dorothy Parker attended a Catholic elementary school, and later a finishing school in New Jersey, which she left at the age of 13. Dorothy Parker's father died when she was 19 years old.

In 1917, Dorothy Parker married Edwin Pond Parker II, a broker on Wall Street, but he went into service in World War I shortly afterwards, and the two later divorced. The same year, Dorothy Parker published her first poem in Vanity Fair and later landed a job on the Vogue staff. Two years later, in 1919, she moved to Vanity Fair as a drama critic.

Dorothy Parker's fame grew through her position at Vanity Fair and allowed her to meet like-minded writers, including fellow Algonquin Round Table founders Robert Benchley and Robert E. Sherwood. Over the next ten years, the trio were joined at their Algonquin Hotel lunches by other journalists, authors, and comedians, including Harpo Marx. Their witty remarks were often repeated and published in magazines, and Dorothy Parker's were among the most memorable and biting.

Though an important step in her career, Dorothy Parker's stint at Vanity Fair was short-lived, ending in 1920 when her scathing reviews lost their novelty and began to offend. Benchley and Sherwood resigned at the same time. In 1925, Algonquin Round Table member Harold Ross founded a new magazine, The New Yorker, and offered Dorothy Parker work at the publication. She began publishing her creative work in the magazine, soon followed by poetry and short story collections in book form.

After a number of brief affairs, Dorothy Parker married actor and screenwriter Alan Campbell in 1934. She discovered her own talent for screenwriting, and the couple moved to Hollywood, where they made a comfortable living working freelance. Dorothy Parker's relationship with her second husband was stormy — they divorced in 1947, then remarried three years later.

Dorothy Parker became increasingly political in her Hollywood years, claiming to be a Communist and founding the Anti-Nazi League in 1936. In 1950, she was investigated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) under McCarthy and blacklisted. In the late 1950s, Dorothy Parker wrote book reviews for Esquire magazine to supplement her screenwriting income.

After her husband died in 1963, Dorothy Parker returned to Manhattan, where she died of a heart attack on 7 June 1967. She bequeathed everything to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., but it went to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) after his death. Dorothy Parker's ashes, unclaimed for many years, are now interred at the Baltimore headquarters of the NAACP.

PublicPeople is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Niki Acker
By Niki Acker
"In addition to her role as a PublicPeople editor, Niki Foster is passionate about educating herself on a wide range of interesting and unusual topics to gather ideas for her own articles. A graduate of UCLA with a double major in Linguistics and Anthropology, Niki's diverse academic background and curiosity make her well-suited to create engaging content for WiseGeekreaders. "
Discussion Comments
By anon952670 — On May 22, 2014

What were her hobbies and did she get any recognition?

By CarrotIsland — On Mar 08, 2011

I read in a Dorothy Parker biography that when she first moved to New York City, she wrote during the day and played the piano at night to make money. It was also said that one of the reasons that she and Edwin Pond Parker II divorced was because he was an alcoholic and during the war became addicted to morphine.

By momothree — On Mar 07, 2011

@boathugger: There was, indeed, a movie about Dorothy Parker. The name of the Alan Rudolph film was “Mrs. Parker and the Vicious Circle”. It debuted in 1994 and starred Campbell Scott, Matthew Broderick, and Jennifer Jason Leigh. It was a depiction of Dorothy Parker and her friends around the Algonquin Round Table.

By BoatHugger — On Mar 05, 2011

Wasn't there a movie made based on the life of Dorothy Parker? I may be wrong. Has anyone ever heard of that?

By JoviJo — On Apr 15, 2007

This article has helped me a lot on my research paper! Thank you so much!

Niki Acker
Niki Acker
"In addition to her role as a PublicPeople editor, Niki Foster is passionate about educating herself on a wide range of...
Learn more
PublicPeople, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

PublicPeople, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.