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When she was only 21 years old, Maya Lin won the competition to design a Vietnam Veterans Memorial for Washington, D.C. Out of 1,400 designs by professional architects, designers, and artists, Lin's design was chosen, and she was still in college at the time. Amidst controversy and instant fame, she has continued on to design other memorials, buildings, sculptures, and furniture, always showing her creative and original side.
Maya Lin was born in 1959 in Athens, Ohio, the daughter of Chinese immigrants who met in the United States. Both parents were professors, her father a professor of ceramics, and her mother a professor of literature. A passion for art ran in Maya Lin's family, with her brother Tan becoming a poet and professor.
Lin decided to pursue an education in both art and architecture, combining the two fields along with history and the environment. While studying architecture at Yale University, Maya Lin and her classmates heard about the contest to design a memorial in honor of United States Vietnam Veterans. Maya decided that the memorial should not overwhelm the land allotted, but instead become part of it.
Maya Lin pictured a wall in a V-shape, made of polished black granite, listing the names of the 58,000 U.S. servicemen and servicewomen killed or missing in action during the Vietnam War. She envisioned the names in chronological order, with the dates of the death or disappearance of each person listed along with their name. Maya Lin wanted the memorial to be both visual and tangible to be a reminder of those who were lost.
Instead of a political statement, Maya Lin simply wanted to create a memorial and reminder of an era and of 58,000 people lost. She did not want to create more controversy over the Vietnam war, as the United states had been deeply divided over the war, with veterans of the war experiencing taunts and sometimes violence when they returned home.
Some people were concerned about a young female student of Asian descent designing the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Others were concerned about Maya Lin's design, especially as it resembled a scar or deep gash in the earth. Lin stuck to her design, believing that it was important to include all names in order to show the depth of American losses. She also saw the design as being critical, symbolizing a wound that would heal but would always leave a scar in the nation's history.
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was unveiled in Washington, D.C. in 1982, and is visited by millions each year. Maya Lin earned a master's degree in architecture, opened an art studio, and started a family. In 1989, she designed the Civil Rights Memorial in Alabama: a circle of black granite with the names of Americans killed in the Civil Rights movement along with important events of the era, covered by flowing water. Lin also designed the Langston Hughes Library in Tennessee and the Women's Table at Yale University.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who is Maya Lin and what is she best known for?
Maya Lin is an American architect and sculptor of Chinese descent, renowned for her work in creating the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. She gained prominence at the age of 21 while still an undergraduate at Yale University when her design was selected in a national competition. Her minimalist design, a black granite wall inscribed with the names of the fallen soldiers, is considered one of the most poignant war memorials.
What are some of Maya Lin's other notable works?
Aside from the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Maya Lin has created other significant works, including the Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery, Alabama, and the Women's Table at Yale University. She is also known for her environmental art, such as "Wave Field," which showcases earth-sculpting to create rolling and undulating forms that resemble natural landscapes, reflecting her interest in the relationship between the environment and history.
How has Maya Lin's heritage influenced her work?
Maya Lin's Chinese heritage has subtly influenced her work, particularly in her approach to space, balance, and nature. Her minimalist style often embodies principles found in traditional Chinese art and philosophy, such as simplicity, harmony, and the importance of a symbiotic relationship with the environment. Her Asian-American identity has also informed her perspective on history and memory, which is a recurring theme in her memorials and installations.
What awards and recognitions has Maya Lin received?
Maya Lin has been the recipient of numerous awards and honors throughout her career. She was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 2009 and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2016, which are among the highest civilian honors in the United States. Additionally, she has been inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame and has received multiple honorary doctorates for her contributions to art and architecture.
How does Maya Lin approach the design process?
Maya Lin's design process is characterized by a deep respect for the land and a desire to make a place for individuals within the landscape. She often begins with extensive research into the site and subject matter, seeking to create a design that emerges organically from the environment and context. Her approach is both intuitive and analytical, blending art and architecture to evoke emotion and provoke thought while maintaining simplicity and clarity in her designs.