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Who Killed Stanford White?

Stanford White, a prominent architect, met a dramatic end in 1906, slain by the jealous millionaire Harry K. Thaw. This high-society scandal rocked New York, intertwining fame, passion, and madness. As we unpack the layers of this historic crime, consider what motives lie in the shadows of the Gilded Age. What secrets might still linger behind the velvet curtain? Continue exploring with us.
M. Dee Dubroff
M. Dee Dubroff

The killing of the architect Stanford White, on 25 June 1906, in Madison Square Garden, was without question the paramount scandal of the Gilded Age. The subsequent murder trial, dubbed the “trial of the century,” represented the very first time in the history of American jurisprudence when the temporary insanity plea, also known as the MacNaughton Law, was used as a defense. The killer of Stanford White, Harry Kendall Thaw, was an emotionally unbalanced multi-millionaire, whose father made a fortune working for John D. Rockefeller.

The motive for the killing of Stanford White is as old as the hills, and can be found in the seamy love triangle created by Harry Thaw, Stanford White and Florence Evelyn Nesbit, the lovely showgirl who married Harry Thaw. Nesbit was also a model who had posed for artist Charles Dana Gibson, epitomizing the beauty of the day, the “Gibson Girl.” Thaw was furious that Stanford White had violated his wife before he had met her and the rivalry that grew between the two men turned to an unmitigated rage that erupted in murder.

Woman holding a book
Woman holding a book

The married Stanford White was one of the most prominent architects of his day. He was also an unabashed womanizer with a penchant for very young girls. The son of a Shakespearean scholar and essayist, Stanford White was a tall man with red hair and a red moustache. Known for his scandalous and extravagant parties, Stanford White actually raped Evelyn Nesbit in his secret hideaway at Madison Square Garden that was the site of the notorious red velvet swing, which dangled from a gold-leaf ceiling. Stanford White led a double although far from secret life, and his debauchery knew no bounds. He got away with his lecherous and lewd behavior for the simple reason that he could.

Harry Kendall Thaw killed Stanford White in a fit of jealous rage. He was found not guilty by reason of insanity of the crime, which was committed in plain view of hundreds of spectators who had gathered to see a musical production. He would spend the next several years in and out of mental institutions. Years later Thaw wrote a book in which he tried to justify his shooting of Stanford White but even in the eyes of his own family, there was no way he ever could.

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Discussion Comments


The Stanford White scandal sounds fascinating. What a peculiar man. Imagine having a secret apartment at Madison Square Garden where you do all manner of unspeakable things. The idea is horrifying but so outrageous and decadent seeming that it can't help but get stuck in the mind.


Early 20th century America is one of my favorite periods in history and I have done a lot of research into the era. The murder of Stanford White is one of the more interesting incidents of the age and reading the details of the murder and trial makes for a riveting story.


I believe this Drama was manufactured to excuse the assassination of Nikola Tesla's Partners. Rockefeller and Morgan were notorious for the Heavy handed means by which they secured their empires.

I feel the further evidence of this Conspiracy is the "accidental electrocution of another assistant in his lab" during the same time.

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