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Helena Rubinstein built a business empire selling cosmetics at a time when there were few employment opportunities for women and most women did not wear makeup. She was born in 1870 in Krakow, Poland, which at the time was part of Austria-Hungary, and was the eldest of eight children. Her father was a shopkeeper.
At 18, Helena Rubinstein moved to Australia and while she was there, Helena began treating women's sun-dried skin conditions with a face cream formula developed by Jacob Lykusky, a Hungarian chemist. She soon set up shop in Melbourne and by 1908 had amassed enough money to leave one of her sisters in charge of the shop so she could move to London to expand her business. This was accomplished at a time when women rarely, if ever, received bank loans.
Once in London, Rubinstein met and married her first husband, Edward William Titus, an American journalist, and had two sons. By 1912, the family had moved to Paris, France. Helena Rubinstein's businesses were thriving and her Paris establishment became a salon. Socialites and celebrities were invited to her home for extravagant dinner parties. Her contact with the rich, famous, and notorious raised her social status and the popularity of her beauty products followed suit. While in Paris, Titus ran a small publishing company, which published the infamous Lady Chatterly's Lover.
With the outbreak of World War I, the family moved to New York City for safety and business opportunities. American women represented a new frontier for her growing cosmetic line. Her beauty program began with twelve skin treatments. When the women became accustomed to buying her skin care products at her spa, it became easier to persuade them to also try her powders and rouges. She and Elizabeth Arden became fierce business rivals; both women were very savvy about what it took to sell beauty products.
By 1937, Helena Rubinstein and Edward Titus ended what had become a tempestuous marriage. Titus had often been guilty of infidelity. A year later Rubinstein married Artchil Gourielli-Tchkonia, who may or may not have been a prince of Georgia, which at that time was part of the Soviet Union. Gourielli-Tchkonia was more than twenty years younger than Rubinstein.
Helena Rubinstein was a study in contrasts. She had lavish tastes in art, furniture, fashion and jewelry; yet she would wear cheap nightgowns and pack her lunch in a brown bag. She could be very generous and became a renowned philanthropist, but did not help Marc Chagall get his daughter and son-in-law out of Nazi Germany. Perhaps that memory contributed to her decision to found the Helena Rubinstein Pavilion of Contemporary Art in Tel Aviv and other philanthropic causes in Israel. She died of natural causes in at the age 94 and is buried in Mount Olivet Cemetery in Queens, New York.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who was Helena Rubinstein and why is she significant in the beauty industry?
Helena Rubinstein was a Polish-American businesswoman, art collector, and philanthropist who revolutionized the beauty industry. Born on December 25, 1872, in Krak√≥w, Poland, she founded Helena Rubinstein Incorporated, which became a leading cosmetics brand. Rubinstein is significant for being one of the first to develop and market a skincare cream and for her role in popularizing the concept of personal beauty regimens. Her empire expanded globally, making her one of the world's richest women and a pioneer in the modern cosmetics industry.
What were some of Helena Rubinstein's most notable contributions to cosmetics?
Helena Rubinstein's contributions to cosmetics were numerous. She introduced the first waterproof mascara, developed the first commercially available valaze cream, and was a pioneer in creating a personalized beauty consultation service. Rubinstein also expanded her brand to include a wide range of products, from skincare to makeup, and emphasized the importance of scientific research in developing beauty products, setting a standard for the industry.
How did Helena Rubinstein's background influence her approach to business and beauty?
Helena Rubinstein's background as a Polish immigrant influenced her approach to business and beauty by instilling a strong work ethic and a unique perspective on beauty standards. She believed in the empowerment of women through personal care and was innovative in her approach to marketing and product development. Her experiences as an immigrant also made her attentive to diverse beauty needs, which helped her brand appeal to a wide range of consumers.
Can you describe Helena Rubinstein's philanthropic efforts?
Helena Rubinstein was not only a businesswoman but also a philanthropist. She established the Helena Rubinstein Foundation in 1953, which supported educational, health, and cultural initiatives. The foundation provided scholarships for children, funded medical research, and supported the arts. Rubinstein's philanthropy extended to her art collection, much of which she donated to museums, and her support for the State of Israel, where she established the Helena Rubinstein Pavilion for Contemporary Art in Tel Aviv.
What is the legacy of Helena Rubinstein in today's beauty industry?
The legacy of Helena Rubinstein in today's beauty industry is immense. She is remembered as a trailblazer who transformed the way women think about beauty and self-care. Her emphasis on scientific research, personalized beauty routines, and marketing genius set the stage for modern cosmetic companies. Rubinstein's brand continues to operate, upholding her vision of beauty as a form of empowerment and self-expression, influencing countless beauty brands and entrepreneurs worldwide.