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Annie Leibovitz is an American photographer, best known for her stunning portraits that have captured the essence of countless notable figures. She has been active in professional photography since the 1970s, and in that time she has become arguably one of the most influential American photographers, and virtually defined an entire style of portraiture.
Leibovitz was born in 1947 in Connecticut to a military family. She became interested in art in high school, but primarily focused on music and writing. After high school she attended the San Francisco Art Institute to study painting. Her Sophomore year she traveled to Japan with her mother, and during that trip became interest in photography. Over the next few years she continued to develop her skills, taking night classes in San Francisco while working miscellaneous jobs.
In 1969, she traveled to Israel to work on a kibbutz and continue to develop her photography. During her time in Israel, Annie Leibovitz got her talent to a professional level, and when she returned to the United States the next year, she began to pursue a career in photography.
In 1970, Annie Leibovitz got an interview with the founding editor of Rolling Stone, a relatively new publication. Jann Wenner liked Leibovitz’s portfolio, and sent her on her first assignment, to take photographs of John Lennon. Her photograph of Lennon was a revelation when it appeared as the cover of Rolling Stone in January of 1971, and Annie Leibovitz was on her way to fame.
Two years later she had become the chief photographer of Rolling Stone, giving her amazing access to rock musicians to photograph. The next year, Rolling Stone switched to a color format, and Annie Leibovitz was forced to follow suit. Although she had studied only black and white photography in school, she quickly taught herself color techniques, and translated her style deftly to the new medium.
In 1975 the band the Rolling Stones hired Annie Leibovitz to document their world tour through photographs. This tour produced a number of amazing pictures, including Leibovitz’s iconic shots of Keith Richard and Mick Jagger. Over the next few years she continued to hone her craft and collect amazing shots. Some of the most memorable of that period include photographs of Patti Smith and Bob Dylan.
In 1981, Leibovitz shot what is perhaps her most iconic photograph. Asked by Rolling Stone to do a shot of Yoko Ono and John Lennon, Leibovitz envisioned a shot of both of them naked. Ono didn’t want to disrobe completely, however, resulting in a shot of a nude John Lennon wrapped around Yoko Ono in all of her clothes. Only a few hours afterwards, Lennon was shot and killed, and the photograph became the cover of the John Lennon commemorative issue of Rolling Stone.
Over the next few decades, Annie Leibovitz would continue to perfect her art, producing work after work capturing the very essence of famous musicians, artists, and eventually political figures. Her first book of photographs was released in 1983 to great critical praise. Since then Leibovitz has become one of the most recognized and hailed photographers in history, and is often called upon to document world leaders and celebrities.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who is Annie Leibovitz and why is she famous?
Annie Leibovitz is a renowned American portrait photographer, celebrated for her engaging and dramatic celebrity portraits. She gained fame as a photographer for Rolling Stone magazine in the 1970s, capturing iconic images of rock stars and other public figures. Her work is known for its unique style, often blending the personal and the theatrical. Leibovitz's portraits are featured in art galleries and museums worldwide, solidifying her status as a significant figure in contemporary photography.
What are some of Annie Leibovitz's most notable works?
Annie Leibovitz's most notable works include her portrait of John Lennon and Yoko Ono taken hours before Lennon's assassination, the Vanity Fair cover featuring a pregnant Demi Moore, and the 'Queen Elizabeth II' series for her 2007 England visit. Her collection at the Smithsonian American Art Museum and her published books, such as "Annie Leibovitz: Photographs" (1983), showcase her impactful career. These images have become cultural landmarks, often cited in discussions about modern portraiture.
Has Annie Leibovitz received any awards for her photography?
Yes, Annie Leibovitz has received numerous awards throughout her career, including the International Center of Photography's Lifetime Achievement Award in 2009 and the Centenary Medal of the Royal Photographic Society in 2009. She was also designated a Living Legend by the Library of Congress. These accolades reflect her influence and contributions to the field of photography and the arts.
How has Annie Leibovitz influenced portrait photography?
Annie Leibovitz has significantly influenced portrait photography by pushing the boundaries of the genre with her creative and often provocative style. Her ability to capture the essence of her subjects while creating a narrative through her images has inspired a generation of photographers. Leibovitz's work is characterized by its careful staging, dramatic lighting, and emotional depth, which have become hallmarks of her style and a benchmark for contemporary portrait photography.
Where can one view Annie Leibovitz's photography?
Annie Leibovitz's photography can be viewed in various art galleries and museums across the globe. Her work is also accessible through her published books, such as "Annie Leibovitz at Work" (2008) and "Portraits 2005-2016" (2017). Additionally, major retrospectives of her work have been held at institutions like the Brooklyn Museum and the Smithsonian American Art Museum, offering comprehensive insights into her expansive career.