At PublicPeople, we're committed to delivering accurate, trustworthy information. Our expert-authored content is rigorously fact-checked and sourced from credible authorities. Discover how we uphold the highest standards in providing you with reliable knowledge.
William Faulkner is an American fiction writer whose work is deeply rooted in the Southern United States, particularly in his home state of Mississippi. William Faulkner, who lived from 1897 to 1962, had a unique, stream-of-consciousness writing style and was far more experimental with his texts than many of his fellow writers were. Though relatively unknown for much of his career, Faulkner was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1949. Today, William Faulkner is considered to be one of America's greatest Southern writers, along with Mark Twain.
During his lifetime, William Faulkner had a prolific career, writing a wide range of books, stories, and poems; he also worked as a Hollywood screenwriter during the 1930s, and wrote the screenplay for Raymond Chandler's The Big Sleep, among others. Some of William Faulkner's best known works include the novels Light In August, As I Lay Dying, and The Sound and the Fury, along with the short story, A Rose for Emily. Many of William Faulkner's works are commonly taught to students in high school or college classes.
When William Faulkner won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1949, he decided to donate the proceeds from the award to a new fund that went to support young fiction writers. The offshoot of this fund is now called the PEN/Faulkner award; the winner of the award is determined to have written the best fiction book for that year, and is awarded $15,000 US Dollars (USD). The award's second place winner receives $5,000 USD.
Throughout his life, William Faulkner was known to be a reclusive and private man, who did not appreciate the attentions he received from fans. Many sources indicate that William Faulkner was also an alcoholic. In his later years, William Faulkner took on more responsibility as a public figure, and regularly began to appear at government-sponsored State Dinners. He also publicly spoke out against the segregation of blacks and whites.
In 1962, William Faulkner fell off of his horse, and needed to be hospitalized. He requested that his family take him to a sanitarium, where he had stayed before, though always against his will. This time, he died of a heart attack, less than eight hours after being admitted.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who is William Faulkner and why is he significant in literature?
William Faulkner was an American writer and Nobel Prize laureate from Oxford, Mississippi. He is significant for his intricate narratives and innovative use of stream of consciousness, a literary technique that attempts to represent the flow of thoughts in the human mind. Faulkner's works often explore the complexities of the American South, touching on issues of race, class, and the passage of time. His notable novels include "The Sound and the Fury" (1929), "As I Lay Dying" (1930), and "Absalom, Absalom!" (1936). Faulkner's profound impact on literature is evident in his influence on subsequent generations of writers worldwide.
What are some of William Faulkner's most acclaimed works?
William Faulkner's most acclaimed works include "The Sound and the Fury," which captures the decline of a Southern aristocratic family, and "As I Lay Dying," known for its multiple narrators and experimental narrative style. "Light in August" (1932) and "Absalom, Absalom!" are also highly praised for their complex narratives and deep psychological insights into their characters. These novels are considered masterpieces for their exploration of universal themes through the lens of the American South.
How did William Faulkner's upbringing in the South influence his writing?
Faulkner's upbringing in the South profoundly influenced his writing, as he drew heavily on the history, people, and culture of Mississippi. The region's legacy of slavery, racial tensions, and economic struggles are recurring themes in his work. Faulkner created the fictional Yoknapatawpha County, based on his own Lafayette County, as the setting for many of his stories, using it to explore the complexities of Southern life and the human condition.
What literary techniques is William Faulkner known for?
William Faulkner is known for his innovative use of narrative techniques, including stream of consciousness, unreliable narrators, and complex, non-linear storylines. His writing often features long, intricate sentences and a rich, descriptive style. Faulkner's ability to weave together multiple narratives and perspectives allows readers to engage with the psychological depth of his characters and the social fabric of the American South.
How has William Faulkner's work influenced modern literature?
William Faulkner's work has had a profound influence on modern literature, particularly in the realms of narrative structure and character development. His use of stream of consciousness inspired later authors to explore similar techniques, while his deep dive into the themes of identity, memory, and history has resonated with writers and readers alike. Faulkner's legacy is evident in the works of numerous contemporary authors who have drawn on his style and themes to inform their own storytelling.